You DO NOT need drains with a tummy tuck!
Written By: Andrew Wolfe, M.D.
789 views . 1 year ago
Abdominoplasty is one of the most frequently performed plastic surgeries, and is particularly popular among weight loss patients and women whose abdomens have been overtaxed by pregnancy. In the past, abdominoplasty has required that suction drains be left in place for several days after surgery to prevent seromas (fluid accumulation). These plastic drainage tubes are sutured to the skin causing marked discomfort and limiting patients’ mobility after surgery. There is no question that the surgical drains were the biggest cause of discomfort for most patients following abdominoplasty at our Denver plastic surgery center. The vast majority of calls we received from patients in the days following their abdominoplasty involved issues with their drains. These issues include concerns about the drains becoming dislodged, pain or irritation at the drain site exiting the skin, and limitations on movement and showering. About 10 years ago, I stopped using drains in my tummy tucks. Here's how: In a traditional abdominoplasty procedure, drains are used to prevent fluid accumulation in the “open space” created beneath the abdominal flap (skin and fat) and above the muscle. Through a fairly simple modification of the surgery- the use of progressive tension sutures – I can eliminate this space, as well as securely advance the flap with tension distributed over a broader area. The addition of the sutures is an improvement to an already effective surgical procedure. The surgical time is marginally increased by five to ten minutes, and the result is well worth it. The use of progressive tension sutures secures the abdominal flap to the underlying fascia, distributing tension over a larger area. This prevents seroma formation as there is no longer any space in which fluid can accumulate. Furthermore, with this technique, tension is spread out, rather than concentrated at the wound closure site. Not only does this approach allow for the procedure to be done without drains, it decreases the risk of other complications associated with having most of the tension on the wound closure, such as hypertrophy of the scar. I have achieved excellent results through incorporating progressive tension sutures into my abdominoplasty procedures. There is mounting evidence within the plastic surgery research journals and at international meetings supporting this method of avoiding drain placement during tummy tucks. Since I have abandoned the use of drainage tubes, I have found no increased risk of seroma formation. My patients report fewer post-operative concerns, and are significantly more comfortable and mobile during the first week following their surgery.